لغات مهم و کاربردی زبان انگلیسی در حوزهی حقوق | Law
ویدئوهای بخش حقوق قسمت اول:
Basic Legal Terms
Word partnerships or words that are commonly used together by native speakers.
Word + Word = Collocation
A system of rules that people are supposed to follow in a society or country.
The courts and police enforce this system of rules and punish people who break the law.
Part of the law that deals with disagreements between private individuals.
Laws created by the government.
Laws based on previous legal decisions and tradition.
Criminal law is a system of law concerned with crimes and the punishment of criminals.
Most criminal law is based on government legislation.
Contract law sets rules on agreements to buy and sell items and services.
Property law states the rights and obligations that a person has when they buy, sell or rent homes and buildings.
Trust law sets out the rules for money that is put into an investment, such as pension funds.
Tort law helps people to make claims for compensation when someone hurts them or their property.
Administrative law is used by citizens when they want to challange government decisions.
International law is used to set out rules on how countries interact in areas such as trade, enviroment or war.
The lawer that represent the person accused of a crime.
The lawyer that represents the government side.
A Case is a legal action that will be decided in a court of law.
A case that will be heard in court.
A case involving a criminal act.
A case under civil law.
Bring a case (against somebody)
To file charges against another person.
Defend a case
To try to prove that the accused is innocent.
Consider a case
To hear the defence and prosecution arguments and reach a decision.
Hear a case
(Same meaning as to consider a case.)
Handle a Case
To be in charge of representing either side.
Prosecute a case
When the prosecution decides to press charges and asks a court to hear the case.
Dismiss a case
To end a case without reaching a verdict.
Settle a case
To reach an agreement without finishing the trial.
Drop a case
To Decide not to prosecute a case.