Select Page
لغات مورد استفاده برای مدیر پروژه‌ها - Project

پروژه

Project

تلاشی موقتی که به منظور تولید محصول، خدمت یا نتیجه‌ای منحصربه‌فرد انجام می‌گیرد را پروژه می‌گویند. و2مدیر پروژه فردی است که با استفاده از منابع و دانش و توانایی‌های تیم، پروژه را در مدت زمان مشخصی به نتیجه مورد‌نظر می‌رساند.

Project Manager (PM)

The person with overall responsibility for planning and managing a project.

This titile is used in the construction industry, information technology and many other industries that are based on the production for a product or service.

Sponsor

The person who has authority over a project, provides funding, approves scope changes and champions the project whithin and organization.

The project sponsor is ususally a representative of the client, since the client has commissioned and funded the project.

Stakeholder

Anyone who has an interest in a project or will be affected by it.

Stakeholders can be people inside or outside the oranization carrying out the project.

Subcontractor

A business or person who is paid to do part of the work assigned to another person or company.

Scope

The overall definition of what the project is supposed to accomplish, including the project’s goal, the resources to be used to carry it out, and a specefic description of the expected end result.

Deliverables

A deliverable may be either a physical object, such as a newly designed product, or an outcome, such as the completion of a business plan.

Specifications

Specifications are detailed descriptions of the deliverables for a project and include all the technical, time and cost requirements of a project.

Baseline

A set of standards for a project, ususally based on previous experience, that can be used to evaluate its progress.

The baseline will include the project’s expected costs, schedule and any technical requirements.

Resources

All items needed to complete a project, such as a tool, supply item, facility or person.

People (human resources) and money (financial resources) are often the most important elements of a project.

To estimate

To calculate or guess the value, size or amount of something.

Top-down estimate

An estimaate for the cost, time, and risks of a project made by looking at the entire project ‘from the top down’ or in great detail, and comparing it to similar projects in the past.

To allocate

To decide that an amount of money, time other resources should be used for a certain purpose.

Margin

A spare amount of money, time or other resources that is set aside in case of unforeseen problems, costs or delays.

Contingency

A planned allocatation of resources that are to be used in the event that something unforeseen, such as a bad weather, affects the completion of project according to the schedule.

Change order

A request for a change in a project’s scope, deliverables or cost.

Most large projects will require change orders, either because the project manager sees the need for changes or because the client’s needs have changed.

To sign off

To give approval for someone else’s decision.