.To control or supervise something by means of laws or rules


.A system of money, or the bills and coins themselves, used in a particular country

Interest rate

The cost of borrowing money over a period of time or the price that lenders charge borrowers for the use of the lender’s money

Exchange rate

.The value of one currency against the currency of another country

Central bank

A national bank that provides financial and banking services for its country’s government and commercial banking system

Monetary policy

The way a central bank controls the amount of money in the economy at a particular time, for example by changing interest rates


.The irregular rise and fall of a number or amount


To buy goods, shares, property, etc. in the hope that their value will increase so that they can be sold for a profit


.A general increase in the price of goods and services and a fall in the relative value of money

Basis point

A unit of measure used in the financial world to describe the percentage change in the value or rate of a financial instrument. One basis point is equivalent to 0.01% or 1/100th of a percent