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لغات مهم و کاربردی زبان انگلیسی در حوزه‌ی حقوق

لغات مهم و کاربردی زبان انگلیسی در حوزه‌ی حقوق | Law

حقوق مجموعه قواعد و مقرراتی است که نظم اجتماعی را تأمین می‌کند. حقوق در نظام‌های حقوقی ملی به روش‌های مختلفی ایجاد می‌شود.

ویدئو‌های بخش حقوق قسمت اول:

Basic Legal Terms


Word partnerships or words that are commonly used together by native speakers.


Word + Word = Collocation


A system of rules that people are supposed to follow in a society or country.

The courts and police enforce this system of rules and punish people who break the law.

Civil law

Part of the law that deals with disagreements between private individuals.


Laws created by the government.

Common law

Laws based on previous legal decisions and tradition.

Criminal law

Criminal law is a system of law concerned with crimes and the punishment of criminals.

Most criminal law is based on government legislation.

Contract law

Contract law sets rules on agreements to buy and sell items and services.

Property law

Property law states the rights and obligations that a person has when they buy, sell or rent homes and buildings.

Trust law

Trust law sets out the rules for money that is put into an investment, such as pension funds.

Tort law

Tort law helps people to make claims for compensation when someone hurts them or their property.

Administrative law

Administrative law is used by citizens when they want to challange government decisions.

International law

International law is used to set out rules on how countries interact in areas such as trade, enviroment or war.


USA = AttorneyUnited States of America

United Kingdom UK = Solicitor


ٰTrial lawyer

USA = CounselUnited States of America

United Kingdom UK = Barrister


Defense lawyer

(defence BrE)

The lawer that represent the person accused of a crime.

Prosecution lawyer

The lawyer that represents the government side.


A Case is a legal action that will be decided in a court of law.

Court cases

A case that will be heard in court.

Criminal case

A case involving a criminal act.

Civil case

A case under civil law.

Bring a case (against somebody)

To file charges against another person.

Defend a case

To try to prove that the accused is innocent.

Consider a case

To hear the defence and prosecution arguments and reach a decision.

Hear a case

(Same meaning as to consider a case.)

Handle a Case

To be in charge of representing either side.

Prosecute a case

When the prosecution decides to press charges and asks a court to hear the case.

Dismiss a case

To end a case without reaching a verdict.

Settle a case

To reach an agreement without finishing the trial.

Drop a case

To Decide not to prosecute a case.