تعریف پروژه و مدیر پروژه (Project )

تلاشی موقتی که به منظور تولید محصول ، خدمت یا نتیجه‌ ای منحصر به‌فرد انجام می‌گیرد را پروژه می‌گویند. و مدیر پروژه فردی است که با استفاده از منابع و دانش و توانایی‌های تیم ، پروژه را در مدت زمان مشخصی به نتیجه مورد‌نظر می‌رساند.

پارت اول آموزش مدیر پروژه

واژگان پارت اول مدیر پروژه

Project Manager (PM)

.The person with overall responsibility for planning and managing a project

This titile is used in the construction industry, information technology and many other industries that are based on the production for a product or service

Sponsor

The person who has authority over a project, provides funding, approves scope changes and champions the project whithin and organization

The project sponsor is ususally a representative of the client, since the client has commissioned and funded the project

Stakeholder

.Anyone who has an interest in a project or will be affected by it

Stakeholders can be people inside or outside the oranization carrying out the project

Subcontractor

A business or person who is paid to do part of the work assigned to another person or company

Scope

The overall definition of what the project is supposed to accomplish, including the project’s goal, the resources to be used to carry it out, and a specefic description of the expected end result

Deliverables

A deliverable may be either a physical object, such as a newly designed product, or an outcome, such as the completion of a business plan

Specifications

Specifications are detailed descriptions of the deliverables for a project and include all the technical, time and cost requirements of a project

Baseline

A set of standards for a project, ususally based on previous experience, that can be used to evaluate its progress

The baseline will include the project’s expected costs, schedule and any technical requirements

Resources

.All items needed to complete a project, such as a tool, supply item, facility or person

People (human resources) and money (financial resources) are often the most important elements of a project

To estimate

.To calculate or guess the value, size or amount of something

Top-down estimate

 .An estimaate for the cost, time, and risks of a project made by looking at the entire project ‘from the top down’ or in great detail, and comparing it to similar projects in the past

To allocate

To decide that an amount of money, time other resources should be used for a certain purpose

Margin

A spare amount of money, time or other resources that is set aside in case of unforeseen problems, costs or delays

Contingency

.A planned allocatation of resources that are to be used in the event that something unforeseen, such as a bad weather, affects the completion of project according to the schedule

Change order

.A request for a change in a project’s scope, deliverables or cost

Most large projects will require change orders, either because the project manager sees the need for changes or because the client’s needs have changed

To sign off

.To give approval for someone else’s decision

پارت دوم آموزش مدیر پروژه

واژگان پارت دوم مدیر پروژه

Schedule

.A set of target dates for completing elements of a project

On Schedule

.Progress according to the original plan

Behind Schedule

.Failure to keep up with the planned schedule

Timeframe

The period of time in which a project or one phase of a project is meant to be   completed

Time Frame

 .Timeframe is usually written as one word, but can be written as two time frame

To Kick off

.An idiomatic expression meaning to start

.Can also be used as noun: Kickoff

To give the green light

.give permission for a project to begin

Lead Time

.time between making a request and receiving the results

.often used to refer to the time between placing an order and receiving delivery

To Execute

.To perform or accomplish a specefic task

Stage / Phase

.A specific time period assigned for one element (part) of a project

.In most cases, each stage will end with the completion of a deliverable

Milestone

A critical event during the life of a project, usually the accomplishment of a project deliverable

Constraint

.A restriction or limitation that influences the project plan

 .For example, a target date may be a constraint on the scheduling of a project

Critical Path

The sequence of activities that must be completed on time for the entire project to finish on schedule

Deadline

.The lastest time or date by which something should be completed

Dependency Relationship

A relation between two elements of a project , requiring one to be started or finished before another can begin

Pert Chart

.A tool used to schedule, organize and coordinate tasks within a project

Gantt Chart

A bar chart that shows the overlapping timing of activities involved in a project, and sometimes also shows the relationship between them

Work Breakdown Structure (WBS)

.A tree-like structure of tasks that need to be performed to complete a project

.The WBS is often used as a project management tool